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Laparoscopic surgeries

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Laparoscopic Surgeries

Laparoscopic surgery is a surgical technique in which short, narrow tubes (trocars) are inserted into the abdomen through small (less than one cm) incisions. Through these trocars, long, narrow instruments are inserted. The surgeon uses these instruments to manipulate, cut, and sew the tissue
Laparoscopy uses an instrument called a laparoscope to look at the abdominal organs. A laparoscope is a long, thin tube with a high-intensity light and a high-resolution camera. The instrument is inserted through an incision in the abdominal wall. As it moves along, the camera sends images to a video monitor as a real time image.
Laparoscopy is also performed when non-invasive tests don’t provide enough information or insight for a diagnosis. The procedure may also be used to take a biopsy, or sample of tissue, from a particular organ in the abdomen. Laparoscopy is an established method of surgery for removal gall bladder for stones and infection (Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy). It has also as a standard method for removal of infected appendix (Laparoscopic Appendicectomy). Laparoscopy can be used for other surgeries like hernia, etc.
The most common risks associated with laparoscopy are bleeding, infection, and damage to organs in your abdomen. However, these are rare occurrences.
Laparoscopic surgery is preferred over open surgery because of smaller incisions which reduces the risk of infection, bleeding and recovery is very fast and comfortable.

How many holes are in laparoscopic surgery?

A laparoscopic camera is inserted into the abdomen near the umbilicus (navel). Instruments are inserted through 2 more small puncture holes. The gallbladder is found, the vessels and tubes are cut, and the gallbladder is removed.

What is the benefit of laparoscopy?

In patient terms, laparoscopic surgery has the advantages of avoiding large open wounds or incisions and thus of decreasing blood loss, pain and discomfort. Patients have fewer unwanted effects from analgesia because less analgesia is required. The fine instruments are less apt to cause tissue trauma and blood loss.

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