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Hernia Surgeries

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Hernia Surgeries

A hernia occurs when fatty tissue or an organ pushes through a weak place in the surrounding connective tissue or muscle wall.

Types of hernias include:
• Inguinal hernia.
• Femoral hernia.
• Umbilical hernia.
• Incisional hernia.
• Epigastric hernia.
• Hiatal hernia.

Hernias usually don’t get better on their own. They tend to get bigger. In rare cases, they can lead to life-threatening complications. That’s why doctors often recommend surgery. But not every hernia needs immediate treatment. It depends on the size and symptoms.
A surgical hernia repair involves pushing the bulge back inside the body part that should contain it, and keeping it there.

Do I Need Hernia Surgery?

Your doctor will likely recommend it if any of these things happen:
• Tissue (such as the intestine) becomes trapped in the abdominal wall. This is called incarceration. If left untreated, it may lead to strangulation. That’s when the blood supply to the tissue gets cut off.
• The hernia becomes strangulated. This can cause permanent damage and is a surgical emergency. Strangulated organs, usually your intestines, will die, and if not removed quickly, you can become seriously ill. Call your doctor right away if you have a fever or nausea, sudden pain that gets worse, or a hernia that turns red, purple, or dark.
• The hernia causes pain or discomfort, or it’s growing larger.
You may be able to wait to have surgery if:
• Your hernia goes away when you lie down, or you can push it back into your belly
• It’s small and causes few or no symptoms (these may never need surgery)
Talk to your doctor. They’ll monitor your hernia during your yearly physical examination. Nearly all children and adults can have hernia surgery. If you’re seriously ill or very frail, you may choose not to have an operation. Your doctor can help you weigh the benefits of the procedure against your ability to recover.

Types of Hernia Surgery?

Open surgery: You will receive spinal (Local) anaesthesia before having open surgery. The surgeon makes a cut (incision) to open your skin. They’ll gently push the hernia back into place, tie it off, or remove it. Then they’ll close the weak area of the muscle where the hernia pushed through, with stitches. For larger hernias, your surgeon may add a piece of flexible mesh for extra support. It’ll help keep the hernia from coming back. you’ll be able to go home the same or next day as your procedure.

Laparoscopic surgery: In this surgery, your abdomen is inflated with a harmless gas. They’ll make a few small incisions (cuts) near the hernia. They’ll insert a thin tube with a tiny camera on the end (laparoscope). The surgeon uses images from the laparoscope as a guide to repair the hernia with mesh. For laparoscopic surgery, you’ll receive general anaesthesia.
What kind of surgery you’ll need often depends on the size, type, and location of your hernia. Your doctor will also consider your lifestyle, health, and age.

hernia surgeries